Janine Benyus was born in 1958 in New Jersey, in the United States. She studied at Rutgers University, graduating with a degree in English literature and natural resources management. During the 1980s, she translated various scientific works and began to write herself. In 1997, she published Biomimicry, a book which popularized this term and examined technological innovation inspired by nature.
In 1998, Janine Benyus became one of the founders of the Biomimicry Guild, a company that places the employees' knowledge of biology at that service of designers, engineers, architects and business people who are committed to sustainable development. She is also president of the Biomimicry Institute, which promotes the importance of following nature’s example when developing innovative projects.